Which language do hackers use?

When imagining a hacker, one might visualize a shadowy figure, typing furiously in a dark room filled with monitors displaying lines of cryptic code. But what language are these hackers using? The answer isn’t straightforward, as hackers, like any other computer programmers, use a variety of programming languages depending on their objectives. This article explores the most popular languages used in the hacker community, highlighting their unique features and why they appeal to those in the hacking world.

Which language do hackers use?

1. Python

Python tops the list as one of the most popular languages for hackers. Its simplicity and readability make it an ideal choice for beginners and experts alike. Python allows hackers to create scripts efficiently and with fewer lines of code compared to other languages. Its extensive libraries and frameworks, like Scapy for packet manipulation or Beautiful Soup for web scraping, are tools that make Python a versatile language for network scanning, exploitation, and automation.

2. JavaScript

JavaScript is essential for web hacking. As the backbone of interactive websites, understanding JavaScript enables hackers to exploit web applications. Hackers use JavaScript to inject malicious scripts into web pages or to carry out Cross-Site Scripting (XSS) attacks, where attackers trick a user’s browser into executing malicious code.

3. PHP

PHP is a server-side scripting language used to develop a large portion of the web. Many websites are built on content management systems like WordPress and Joomla, which are based on PHP. Hackers target PHP to find vulnerabilities in websites that can lead to unauthorized data access. Since PHP scripts execute server-side, exploiting PHP code can often lead to gaining control over the server itself.

4. SQL

SQL (Structured Query Language) is crucial for database management. Hackers use SQL to perform SQL Injection attacks, where malicious SQL statements are inserted into an entry field for execution. This can allow hackers to access and manipulate databases, steal data, and even gain administrative rights to a system.

5. C and C++

C and C++ are known for their low-level access to system resources and memory. These languages are used to develop software that requires high performance and real-time processing. Hackers favor these languages for writing malware, rootkits, and viruses because they offer precise control over system resources and hardware interfaces, making it easier to evade detection and manipulate systems deeply.

6. Bash

Bash, the shell scripting language in UNIX and Linux, is another tool in the hacker’s arsenal. With Bash scripting, hackers can automate the majority of their tasks on compromised Linux systems. Bash scripts allow for the chaining of commands, which can initiate sophisticated attacks or system monitoring with minimal effort.

7. Assembly

Assembly language is used for tasks that require direct hardware manipulation and is crucial for developing exploits that need to interact directly with the operating system at a low level. Knowledge of Assembly is essential for creating buffer overflow attacks, where attackers overload a buffer to gain control over the execution flow of a program.

8. PowerShell

For Windows environments, PowerShell is a scripting language that provides comprehensive access to a system’s internals. Hackers use PowerShell to perform a wide range of activities on Windows, from network reconnaissance to automating attacks and embedding malicious scripts.


Hackers use a variety of programming languages, each serving different purposes. From Python’s ease of use to the intricate control offered by Assembly, the choice of language depends on the hacker’s objectives and the specific vulnerabilities they aim to exploit. Understanding these languages and their applications not only sheds light on how hackers operate but also underscores the importance of cybersecurity practices in safeguarding against such threats.

In a digital age where cybersecurity is more critical than ever, knowledge of these languages is not just for hackers but for anyone in the field of IT and security. By understanding the tools of the trade, professionals can better defend against potential attacks and secure the digital infrastructure of their organizations.

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4 thoughts on “Which language do hackers use?

  1. Honestly there are a lot of youtube videos that can teach one about hacking. Also if you visit your local library there might be some books about coding/hacking

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